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Dr Joel Beeke on Bible Versions: Practical Reasons for Retaining the KJV

December 11, 2008

Dr Beeke

Here is a short, sound, theological and Reformed view of why we should continue to use the historic Received Text (TR) of the NT and the Masoretic Text of the OT, which is most faithfully translated for the English speaker in the Authorized (King James) Version.  Various attacks are made upon those who hold to this view, saying that we are ignorant, KJV Only, Arminian, dispensational, etc. etc. But as it can be seen, that assertion is not true.  Thank you Dr Beeke for your clear explanation of this issue of our day.

PRACTICAL REASONS FOR RETAINING THE KJV

Thirteen practical reasons for retaining the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible.

1. The Standard Text of the English Bible

It is wiser to choose the known over against the unknown. The weaknesses and disadvantages of a particular version of the Bible cannot really be assessed apart from a thorough trial of daily usage over many years. Many who welcomed the New International Version (NIV) with great enthusiasm when it first appeared are now prepared to admit its serious weaknesses as a translation.

The KJV is well established in the market-place and in the literature of Christian scholarship. It will continue in production in many editions for years to come. Helps and reference works are commonly available. It is not likely that the KJV will fade from view and disappear as have many versions produced to supplant it.

Likewise the KJV is widely studied and commented on in the literature of biblical scholarship. It will always be a standard of reference and comparison of Bible commentators. All other versions are compared to it, contrasted with it, tested by it. Campaigns to sell other versions must attack it. The same cannot be said of any other Bible version.

2. Based on the Full Text of the Hebrew and Greek Originals

Based on the Textus Receptus (the Greek NT), and the Masoretic Text (Hebrew OT), the KJV gives the most authentic and fullest available text of the Scriptures, with none of the many omissions and textual rewrites of the modern translations such as the Revised Standard Versions (RSV) and the NIV.

(a) Oldest Does Not Mean Best – The Westcott and Hort arguments that ‘the oldest manuscripts are the most reliable’ and that ‘age carries more weight than volume’ are not necessarily true. It could well be that the two oldest, complete manuscripts were found to be in such unusually excellent condition because they were already recognized as faulty manuscripts in their time and therefore were placed aside and not recopied until worn out as were the reliable manuscripts. This is further supported by numerous existing differences between the Vatican and Sinaitic manuscripts.

(b) Volume – The King James Version is based upon the Traditional Text. The vast majority of the more than 5,000 known partial and complete Greek manuscripts follow this textual reading.

(c) Church History – The ‘Received’ or ‘Ecclesiastical’ Text has been used by the church historically. The English, French, Dutch, and German Reformation churches all used Bibles based on the Traditional Text. (The Dutch ‘Statenvertaling’ is also based upon the ‘Ecclesiastic’ Text.)

3. A More Faithful Method of Translation

The KJV translators employed a method of verbal equivalence (‘word for word’) rather than the method of paraphrase of dynamic equivalence (‘meaning for meaning’) used in the NIV. The result is that the KJV gives you what biblical authors wrote, not what a committee thinks they meant to write.

4. A More Honest Translation

The text of the KJV used italics to identify every word or phrase interpolated (supplied by the translator) and not given in the original. Such a practice was not followed in the NIV, lest the loose method of its translators be unmercifully exposed to view.

5. A More Precise Idiom

Often attacked at this very point, the KJV actually is a more accurate and helpful translation precisely because of the archaic pronouns (‘thou, thy, thee,’ etc.). Both Hebrew and Greek distinguish clearly between the 2nd person singular (‘thou’) and the 2nd person plural (‘ye,you’). In many statements this makes an important difference (e.g. John 3:7). In a sense it is correct to say that in praying the Lord Jesus used ‘Thou’ – God is one, not many! – for he definitely used the Hebrew or Greek equivalent.

6. The Best Liturgical Text

The KJV excels as a version to be used in public worship. That is why it has been used so widely in the churches. The requirements of the sanctuary are not those of the classroom. Other versions may be helpful on occasions to the student, but none is more edifying to the worshipper.

7. The Best Format For Preaching

The KJV traditionally has been laid out verse by verse on the page, rather than in paragraphs; though for most of the text, paragraphs are indicated by a sign. The Hebrew and Greek texts, of course, have no paragraphing at all. The verse-by-verse format best serves the purpose of verse-by-verse consecutive expository sermonizing.

8. The Most Beautiful Translation

The KJV gives classic expression to many important passages in the Bible (e.g. Ps 23, Isa 53, Luke 2, and the Parable of the Prodigal Son). Our seniors need to hear these passages as a comfort and help as they draw near to the end of life’s journey and our children need to hear them in the KJV as part of their nurture and education. They need to understand that the KJV is an important part of the spiritual and cultural heritage of all English-speaking Christians, and a key to our greatest literature. Children well instructed in the KJV will be greatly advantaged over other children, spiritually, linguistically, educationally, and culturally.

9. An Ecumenical Text For Reformed Christians

No other version has been used so widely among evangelical Christians. More significantly for Reformed Christians, this version is used by preference in many conservative Reformed congregations. The KJV is also used in the Christian schools these churches sponsor. Using the KJV is one way to underscore our unity and identity with other conservative evangelical and Reformed Christians.

10. A Practical Choice

The KJV is available in many editions; with a full range of helps and reference materials, not to mention computer software; in large-type, clear-print editions; and often priced well below modern translations.

11. ‘Sounds’ Like the Bible

More than any other version, the KJV sounds like the Word of God, even to unbelievers. The KJV translators aimed at this very thing. Even in 1611 the KJV sounded old-fashioned, ancient, a voice from the past. This was to command a reverent hearing, and to suggest the timeless and eternal character of God’s Word.

The modern unbeliever, if he has any spiritual concern at all, is well aware that the contemporary scene really offers him no hope. He expects the church to speak in a way that is timeless and other-worldly.

Many church-goers and occasional visitors to a church go much more by ‘feel’ and ‘mood’ than by intellectual content or apprehension. They are more likely to take seriously what is said to them if they sense that this is something more important than a casual conversation.

12. The Character of the Translators

The fifty men appointed to translate the King James Version were not only well-known scholars, but were also men of sound religious faith. They were strong believers in every word of the Bible being inspired by God and in all the central doctrinal truths of Scripture. They were God-fearing men whose lives testified of a saving knowledge of these truths. This same testimony cannot be made of all translators serving on modern translation teams.

13. Upholds ‘Old Paths’

Using the KJV is a clear statement of where we stand and want to be as a church walking in the ‘old paths’ of God’s Word. ‘Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls’ (Jer 6:16). In choosing this version we choose to stand with all that is best in the great tradition of historic Christianity.

The penchant for new translations was part of the program of change which has done such harm to many denominations over the past century. This change to new translations was often part of an effort to strip worship services of dignity, reverence, and beauty, in favour of the casual, the contemporary, and the convenient. It also causes a congregation to lose touch with keeping the Word in memory. Memorization of the Scriptures suffers when each generation uses a different translation.

Dr. Joel R. Beeke is the president and professor of Systematic Theology and Homiletics at Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary, and pastor of the Heritage Netherlands Reformed Congregation of Grand Rapids, Michigan.

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21 Comments leave one →
  1. December 12, 2008 6:45 pm

    I got all excited when I saw you had ‘blogged’. But this is old material. Nonetheless, it is good material.

    • December 12, 2008 7:21 pm

      Thanks Jonathan for your interest in this blog. When time is limited, I resort in posting material that has been a blessing to me, hoping that it will be a means of encouragement, instruction or exhortation to others. Thanks again,
      PM

  2. December 30, 2008 11:45 pm

    I didn’t know Mr. Beeke was KJV man. At the moment I am reading the King James and Geneva Version together. The very few differences that there are are instructive; but of course I’m reading the Geneva Version mainly for the notes.

    G.M.

  3. 4point Calvinist (TUIP)//dispensationalist permalink
    April 15, 2009 3:15 am

    I appreciate the thoughts laid out here but I do have a story to tell. I taught Sunday School in a very conservative (only KJV though not KJV only in the purest sense) Baptist church in the Des Moines Area. Many of the kids in my class came from the inner city and I found myself having to explain almost every word to them because of the archaic language of the KJV. I was the only teacher in recent memory to actually do so and I am no longer a member at that church. Those kids were learning verses that meant absolutely nothing to them. They may as well have been learning verses in Farsi or some other foreign language. I am not an opponent of the KJV and to be sure we ought to be discerning in our choice of translation but these things are food for thought.
    Thanks for listening to my rant!

    -Marshall

    • November 8, 2011 8:03 am

      I am sorry for not seeing your post till now! Thank you for your comments. I sympathise with you about what you say. However, as we teach children the Word of God, we must be wise in our choice of memory verses, and make sure they are educated as to the words that are being memorised. I know of those who do use modern versions, but still the children have no clue in what is being memorised, which shows to me that it is also a spiritual matter as well. You might be interested in a sermon which I preached about this very issue some time ago for the AGM of the Trinitarian Bible Society (http://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=1031111337139). Thanks again for your thoughts. The Lord richly bless you.

  4. Neil Mansfield permalink
    January 8, 2011 9:35 pm

    Helpful and insightful post. Well done! I think Dabney in his “The Revised Version Of The New Testament” has some very pertinent observations as does John Owen, Book 16 Banner of Truth edition, “The Divine Original Of The Scripture.” Lastly, Leland Ryken’s book, “The Word Of God In English” makes some very good arguments against the so-called ‘Dynamic Equivalence’ genre of translations. I had the pleasure of meeting you many years ago at a Banner Conference in Sydney when you spoke to the text, “Satan has desired to have you that he might sift you as wheat,” a very searching and sobering thought. Keep on keeping on.

  5. Kyle White permalink
    February 27, 2011 4:38 am

    I appreciate what your doing. And I wish you could come to our church and explain the dangers of the other bible translations.

    • November 8, 2011 8:05 am

      I am sorry for not responding to you earlier Kyle. I would be glad coming to your church and speak on the subject of the Bible versions, if possible. Where is your church?

  6. Susan Benedict Obeng permalink
    March 19, 2011 10:38 pm

    I love the KJV, it is distinctive and easier for me to memorize.

  7. November 7, 2011 11:52 pm

    Great! I am glad Dr Beeke has stood up for the Received Text. What he said was true and very readable. Thanks!

    • November 8, 2011 8:06 am

      I am glad you were blessed. Thanks for dropping by brother.

  8. baeta permalink
    December 1, 2011 5:15 am

    Very good the explanation of pastor Beeke about this question. When many people listen a defense of the KJV, there are an association with Fundamentalism and fanatism. It’s very good see reformed theologians, pastors and preachers defending the KJV with biblical wisdom.

    God Bless you brother Pooyan!

  9. Wayne dodd permalink
    September 11, 2012 12:24 am

    Very nicely done. God bless you.

  10. Jim Stiekes permalink
    February 2, 2016 4:48 pm

    I hate the muddle that exists in this issue. I am sorry, but some of the reasoning in these “practical” statements is just lame. Preference is used for support or proof, not history or fact. I use the KJV. I appreciate the KJV. I grew up with the KJV. But I also appreciate progress and wisdom, and I have gained spiritual understanding by comparing one against the others.

  11. Connie Schuiling permalink
    February 4, 2016 5:53 am

    Rev. Beeke, where can I get a leather bound copy of your study Bible?

  12. Miguel Madera permalink
    February 21, 2016 7:45 am

    A reply to this post: http://byfaithweunderstand.com/2016/02/01/answering-joel-beeke-on-the-kjv/

Trackbacks

  1. Not KJVO, KJVP.
  2. Dr. Joel Beeke on the KJV | A Ruby In The Rough
  3. Why you love the KJV/NKJV
  4. Answering Joel Beeke on the KJV
  5. Is the KJV the Most Reverent and Majestic Translation?

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